What Is The Difference Between CV and Resume – When To Use Them

Most people do not know the difference between a CV and Resume, therefore they categorize them as one and use them interchangeably. Well the truth is that while they are similar they are not the same.

If you are in the job market and contemplating between a CV and Resume, which is ideal to submit for that job application, then you should continue reading this guide as we will educate you on the difference between the two and when to use them.

While navigating the job market is challenging on its own, we will help relieve some of that stress by revealing the best option for you between a CV and Resume and when to use them.

What Is A CV

Before you can know the difference between the CV and a Resume, you must first understand what they mean. CV is an acronym (abbreviation) of the Latin word Curriculum Vitae which means “the course of your life”. With that being said it is very important to note that a CV entails a detailed record of one’s career, educational background as well as achievements.

What Is A Resume

While a Resume is a document that carries the summary of one’s overall background; be it educational, career and other relevant information. A Resume is usually required for employment purpose.

Difference Between A CV and Resume

With the definitions listed above I am sure you already have an idea what their differences are. But for further clarification I will state them.


While a CV contains complete details of a person’s background (education, career, skills, achievements etc). A Resume is less detailed and focuses more on the summary of this background information.


Due to the detailed information a CV carries it is usually lengthy. while a Resume is usually captured in one to two pages of an A4 paper, containing one’s background summary.


A Resume is more flexible than a CV in terms of styling. It can be arranged in a chronological order (starting from the first to latest information ) or in a reverse chronological order ( starting from the latest to the first Information). A CV is less flexible and requires the information to be given in a chronological order, with concrete details.

When To Make Use Of Them

Now that you are aware of the difference between a CV and Resume, it is also important for you to know when to make use of them.

Job Search: In carrying out that job search you should have a well written Resume for your potential employer to appraise. A Resume is the first thing a recruiter will come across.

Academic Purpose: When applying for a position in an academic circle you will certainly need a Curriculum Vitae (CV) which is a more detailed document. Medical professionals also need a CV which contains amongst other things their educational background and publications.

Now that you know what CV and Resume are, their difference, and when to use them. You can begin creating that awesome profile that will make you stand out among your peers.

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